Many states award extra workers’ comp benefits if an employee’s injury is due to an employer’s willful violation of a safety rule. Is that the case in this employee’s injury?
Javier Rojas worked as a printing machine operator for Ferrari Color in Utah. In January 2013, Rojas saw media wrinkling in a printer and reached in to flatten it. The printer head scraped across his hand, tearing skin and causing him to bleed. Rojas reported the injury to his manager but refused medical treatment.
A month later, Ferrari fired Rojas for an unrelated time clock violation. After he was fired, Rojas contacted Utah OSHA (UOSH) and reported that the manager had removed the printer’s safety sensor. After an inspection, UOSH cited Ferrari for a serious violation of state law that an employer may not “remove, disable or bypass safety devices and safeguards.”
Also after he was terminated, Rojas filed for workers’ comp benefits along with a 15% increase in disability compensation for a willful safety violation. An administrative law judge granted him comp benefits plus the 15% increase. Ferrari appealed. The Utah Labor Commission upheld the comp benefits but not the 15% additional sum. Rojas appealed and the case was recently heard by the Utah Court of Appeals.
Who did the court believe?
Rojas argued the Commission erred when it found Ferrari’s conduct of removing the safeguard wasn’t willful.
Under Utah’s workers’ compensation law, an injury is caused by the willful failure of an employer to comply with:
- the law
- a rule of the commission
- any lawful order of the commission, or
- the employer’s own written workplace safety program.
The law also states that willful conduct “implies something in addition to mere negligence.”
A previous Utah Supreme Court ruling said willful failure required “deliberate defiance.” However, this can be countered by showing “some plausible purpose” for violating the rule.
In this case, the appeals court noted the Commission concluded Ferrari didn’t deliberately disable or bypass safeguards on the printing machine.
Rojas had testified that, on the day of his injury, one of the printing machine’s vacuums wasn’t operating and the manager had to override the safety sensor so that the machine would run. The manager testified that he didn’t remove or override the safety sensor because he didn’t know how to do so as of the date Rojas was injured.
The Commission credited the manager’s testimony, finding there was “no indication that the manager of Ferrari Color deliberately defied safeguards for the printing machine at the time of Mr. Rojas’ work injury.”
The appeals court said the Commission was correct:
“While there was evidence to suggest that the manager had seen employees operating the machine with the access panels open, Rojas did not establish that the manager knew, at the time of the accident, that it was necessary to bypass a safety sensor to operate the machine in this fashion, or that the manager had ever directed employees to do so.”
For that reason, the appeals court let the Commission’s decision stand. Rojas would receive workers’ comp benefits, but not the additional 15% amount tied to an employer’s willful violation of a safety law or rule.
(Javier Rojas v. Ferrari Color, Utah Court of Appeals, No. 20160644-CA, 11/16/17)